Albaizin and Sacromonte
Barrio del AlbaicínIt was populated in Iberian period and Roman dispersed settlement existed. There is no data before the arrival of the Zirid Berber Islamic settlement, so it is assumed that the city was abandoned since the end of the Roman Empire until the founding of the Zirid kingdom in 1013 when it was surrounded by big walls. According to some linguists it owes its present name to the inhabitants of the city of Baeza who banished her after the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, settled in this area of Granada outside the existing walls. Other linguists claim that the name comes from the Arabic al-bayyāzīn (as its pronounced with impala, al-bayyīzīn),meaning the suburb of falconers. However, the fact that in Andalusia there are many other neighborhoods with that name, in sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz), Baena (Córdoba), Sabot (Jaén) Huéneja (Granada) Constantina (Sevilla) …Is one of the oldest centers of Muslim culture in Granada, with the Alhambra, the Realejo and Arrabal de Bib-Arrambla, on the flat part of the city. Before the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, in what is now the city of Granada and its surroundings there were three small populations:
- Iliberis (Elvira), what was later called Albaicin and Alcazaba
- Castilia, near the present town of Atarfe
- Garnata, on the opposite hill to the Alcazaba, which was more a neighborhood of Iliberis.
- Muralla zirí
- Puerta Nueva o de las Pesas,
- Puerta de Fajalauza, in Cuesta de San Gregorio Alto.
- Torres de la Alhacaba.
- Puerta Monaita, in Carril de la Lona,.
- Puerta de Elvira, in Calle Elvira.
- Iglesia de El Salvador, in la Cuesta del Chapiz.
- Iglesia de San Juan de los Reyes, in San Juan de los Reyes.
- El Bañuelo.
- Alminar de Almorabitun.
- Aljibe de Trillo.